History : Nonthaburi Province

History

               

                    Nonthaburi (Thai: นนทบุรี, pronounced [nōn.tʰáʔ.bū.rīː]) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand, established by the Act Establishing Changwat Samut Prakan, Changwat Nonthaburi, Changwat Samut Sakhon and Changwat Nakhon Nayok, Buddhist Era 2489 (1946), which came into force on 9 March 1946. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Pathum Thani, Bangkok, and Nakhon Pathom. Nonthaburi is the most densely populated province after Bangkok.

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                  Nonthaburi Province is renowned for growing the best durian in the country. The best durian farms are next to the river. Durian has been a well-known fruit in this province for 400 years.[1] The fruit is known as “durian Nont” which means durian from Nonthaburi Province.[2] It is also known as the most expensive durian in the world.[1] There are six groups of Nonthaburi durian which are Kop, Luang, Kan Yao, Kampan, Thong Yoi, and miscellaneous.[2] Most durian orchards are near rivers such as the Chao Phraya. This is because the soil next to the river is good for planting which is also good for durian trees.[1] However, the majority of durian orchards have disappeared because of flooding and pollution.[2] The price of durian Non depends on its group. Kan Yao is the most expensive, starting from around 10,000 baht and can be up to 20,000 baht (or about US$600) for one durian. The Kan Yao itself is not easy to find in normal markets. The main reason for the high price is because it is rare. The recent flood in 2011 cleared out almost all of the durian trees in Nonthaburi, and only a few trees have been newly planted.[1] Also, residential areas are expanding into agricultural areas.[2]

 

Symbol of Nonthaburi 

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Yellow flame tree

(Peltophorum pterocarpum (DC.) Backer ex K.Heyne  Leguminosae)

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                 The provincial seal shows earthenware, a traditional product from Nonthaburi. The provincial flower and tree is the yellow flame tree (Peltophorum pterocarpum).

The provincial slogan translates to Grand royal mansion, renowned Suan Somdet, Ko Kret’s pottery, famous ancient temples, tasty durians, and the beautiful government office. The royal mansion refers to Phra Tamnak Nonthaburi in Mueang Nonthaburi District, the residence of Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn. Suan Somdet is a water garden inPak Kret District. The provincial administration building once received an award as the most beautiful such building by the Ministry of Interior.

                   Nonthaburi is directly northwest of Bangkok on the Chao Phraya River. The province is part of the greater Bangkok Metropolitan Area. In most parts it is as urbanized as the capital[citation needed], and the boundary between the two provinces is nearly unrecognisable.

Phra Maha Chetsadaratchao was born on Monday in 4th of lunar month on 10th day of waning moon in year of the goat which was 31st March B.E. 2330 at 22.30 hrs. at Former Palace of King Taksin. He was the third prince of King Rama II whose rank of royal nobility at that moment was HRH. Chaophar Krommalaung Itsarasunthorn with Mom Riam, consort to the prince (who was later promoted to Chao Chom Riam, consort to King Rama II and she was later promoted as “Somdej Phra Srisulalai” or HRH. Princess Mother in the reign of King Rama III), his former name was “His Serene Highness Prince Tub” when his father was promoted to be Krom Phra Rajawang Sathan Mongkol; he was promoted accordingly to be “HRH. Prince Tub” and he was later appointed to be “Kromma Muen Chetsadabodin” in B.E. 2536 during the reign of King Rama II to supervise Marine Department, Ministry of Finance, Police Department and performing assignment provided by his father. He had acceded to the throne as the third King of Chakri Dynasty in B.E. 2367 and ruling for 27 years and passed away in B.E. 2393 when he was 64 years of ages.

The reason that Nonthaburi was a supported province of King Rama III due to father of Somdej Phra Srisulalai, the Princess Mother whose name was “Boonchan” used to be governor of Nonthaburi when he was graciously appointed to be “Phraya Nonthburi Srimahauttayan” and resided at Tubtim Fortress area in the south of Tambon Talat Kwan and be the heir of “Sakunmuangnont” family. When the Princess Mother had passed away in B.E. 2380, King Rama III initiated to celebrate ancestors of the Princess Mother by graciously ordered Chao Phraya Phra Clung (Dit Bunnag) who was Chancellor of Defence as leader to construct royal monastery at the old birth place of the Princess Mother and King Rama III had bestowed upon by the Princess Mother as “Wat Chalerm Phrakiat” but the construction had not finished in the reign of King Rama III and King Rama IV proceeded construction until completion. This royal monastery has later become the important religious place of Nonthaburi province due to beautiful architecture in accordance with the royal architectural style of King Rama III, therefore, as remembrance the royal kindness of King Rama III to Nonthaburi province, the Royal Statue of King Rama III was built on the ground in front of Wat Chalerm Phrakiat to pay homage to King Rama III whose the Princess Mother’s lineage was Nonthaburi resident.

Nonthaburi, has a long history of over 460 years, located along the Chao Phraya river and there are many large and small canals. It is the old city dating back to era of Ayutthaya was the capital, originally located at Baan Talat Khwan district which is the famous orchard in that time, has been cited as Nonthaburi city in 1549.

In the reign of Somdet Phra Maha Chakkraphat, Baan Talat Khwan is a land of plenty and the famous orchard of Ayutthaya. Foreigners who have traveled to foreign trade and develop friendly relations with Ayutthaya was recorded such as shown in the archived of travel of Simon Simon de la Loubere, French, who arrived in the reign of Somdet Phra Narai Maharat, said that “The orchard in Bangkok, which is means Bangkok today, areas along the coast back to Siam up to 4 li until to Talat Khwan that is why the city has rich fruit and food, which the natives prefer to consume well.” Invite you to take a ferry to Koh Kred, a large island in the middle of the Chao Phraya River, which has a tilt pagoda as a recognized symbol. In order to, feel about the culture of the Mon and see the unique pottery…

In the past, Koh Kred is a cape area beside the Chao Phraya River, since the Lat Kret Noi canal was drilled in 1722 in the reign of King Tai-sra of Ayutthaya. Then, the cape became a large island, formerly known as “Koh Salakun”, which it has flourished since the Ayutthaya period, by the assumption of various temples on the island and most of arts in the Ayutthaya period and was abandoned when the kingdom crumbled. After the king Taksin the Great reestablished the Siamese authority, his majesty the king Taksin the great ordered to allow to the Mon people arrived on the island about 200 years ago. And again, the Mon people are allowed to arrive in the reign 3 of Rattanakosin. Later, when the district Pak Kret was established, Koh Salakun has been cited as a sub-district and called “Koh Kred” by the Mon which the word “Kred” or “Tret” means a small river that is excavated between large rivers.

On Koh Kred, there are interesting places that is Wat Poramaiyikawat which is an important temple on Koh Kred, formerly known as “Wat Pak Ao”. Which is presume that the temple was built after the Lat Kret canal was drilled and was renovated in the reign 5, who gave a name of “Wat Poramaiyikawat”. When visit to Wat Poramaiyikawat, and then do not forget to worship Maha Raman Chedi, the white clean pagoda in Mon’ style which the reign 5 has presided to put the Buddha relics and saw the Mutao tilt pagoda at riverside to admire the unique beauty of the Mon’s style arts. Another place that hopes you to visit is the area of Mon-style pottery production, called “Kwan Aman”. This place, where has both museum and kilns to watch the process of shaping and carving crafts delicate beauty. Come to here, please do not forget dessert tasting which is of the Mon native such as cooked rice in fragrant water, a confection of bean coated with egg, and the Nor Kala chilly sauce with pork. Also, you can shop the industrial products and crafts such as a pottery as souvenir.

 


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